Political framework conditions in Hesse

Hessian state parliament © Blackosaka / Fotolia.com
Quelle: Blackosaka / Fotolia.com

Integrated climate protection plan Hesse 2025

The integrated climate protection plan Hesse 2025, which represents the continuation of existing strategies (see below), entails 140 measures that aim at enabling Hesse to reach its climate protection goals and to adapt to a changing climate. As a start, the focus lays on so called priority measures, which should be implemented until 2019. Basic goals are the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 30% until 2020 (compared to 1990 levels) – and by 40% until 2025 (compared to 1990). By 2050, Hesse is supposed to be "climate-neutral" and have reduced greenhouse gas emissions by at least 90% compared to 1990.

According to calculations in a preliminary study for the Integrated climate protection plan Hesse 2025, by 2014 greenhouse gas emissions in Hesse had been reduced by 26% compared to 1990 [1]. Here you can find an overview of important energy and climate policy goals for 2020 and 2050 for the world, Europe, Germany, and Hesse [PDF: 567 KB].

Data: Hessian Ministry of Environment, Climate Protection, Agriculture and Consumer Protection; Hessian Ministry of Economy, Energy, Traffic and Land Development; 2017

Climate Protection Concept Hesse 2012

The Climate Protection Concept Hesse 2012 published in 2007 represents 55 measures for reducing CO2 emissions in various industries and sectors. It is based on three pillars:

  • Adaptation to climate change
  • CO2 prevention through innovation
  • International emissions trade

Action plan climate protection

Based on the Climate Protection Concept Hesse 2012, the Action Plan Climate Protection was also passed in 2007. It specifies further measures for the prevention of greenhouse gases. Affected fields of action are:

  • Regional adaptation to climate change 
  • CO2 prevention through innovation
  • International emissions trade
  • Education and consulting

Strategy for adaptation to climate change

In 2012, the strategy for adapting to climate change was published. It contains the climate changes expected based on model calculations, the risks for various thematic areas threatened by climate change, and strategic recommendations for minimizing the risks.

Energy future law

An important milestone of the energy transition in Hesse was the Hessian Energy Summit in 2011. The results of the energy summit were incorporated into the Hessian energy future law from 2012 and were defined there as the following goals:

  • 100% coverage of final energy consumption for electricity and heat from renewable energy sources by 2050
  • Increase of annual energetic renovation rate in existing buildings to at least 2.5 to 3%
  • Specification of suitable areas as preferential wind power areas in the regional plans at a scale of 2% of the state surface area
  • Municipalities may assert the right to force connections to and usage of a public district heating network for the purposes of climate and resource protection
  • A share of renewable energies in gross electricity consumption of 25% by 2019

State development plan

The Hessian Ministry for Economy, Energy, Transportation, and Land Development creates the state development plan as a strategic planning instrument for the spatial development of the land and as binding prescription for regional planning. The current state development plan was passed in 2000 and lastly amended in 2013. The plan describes the desired development of Hesse in important state political planning areas. This also concerns the areas of energy provision, energy use, and climate protection.


[1] Hessisches Ministerium für Umwelt, Klimaschutz, Landwirtschaft und Verbraucherschutz (2017). Integrierter Klimaschutzplan Hessen 2025. Retrieved 28.11.2017 from: https://umwelt.hessen.de/klima-stadt/hessische-klimaschutzpolitik/integrierter-klimaschutzplan-hessen-2025